A Brief History of Rana Dynasty in Nepal

A Brief History of Rana Dynasty in Nepal

An overview of the Rana Dynasty

The Rana Dynasty is a Chhetri Dynasty that controlled Nepal from 1846 to 1951 and reduced the Shah Monarch to a figurehead and rendered Ranas hereditary prime ministers and other administrative posts. They claimed the status of Kshatriya. The iron-fisted rule is historically known to the Rana dynasty. After the 1951 Revolution, while the government was relocating back to King Tribhuvan's monarchy, a new constitution was promulgated. The Rana family, the Nobility of the Gorkha Kingdom descended from the Kunwar family. Ranas became involved in central Darbar policy because of the marital lines with the political reign of the Thapa Dynasty (the MukhtiyarBhimsenThapa) in the early nineteenth century. Ranas were also connected by the Thapa dynasty with the tiny group of another politically famous Pande dynasty in Gorkha.

Who are Ranas and all their families?

The genealogy of Jang BahadurKunwarRana has been revealed by Chronicler Daniel Wright. TattāRā (Rajah), King of Chittorgarh, begins genealogy. His nephew Fakht Si Offshore Rā Offshore had a son named Rama Si Offshore Rā Offshore RāmaRā Offshore Rā. For ten to twelve months, he was working in a hill Raja that sought to keep Rāma Si Todas in his nation. Hill Raja sought Bīnātī's daughter, a Bagāle K paternity and married her to Rāma Si Paterna. Hill Raja asked her to marry her. Six of them were sons aged 10–13 and one was known for KumlusvaraKhaluskā by his bravery in the fight against SatānKolus. He had 6 children aged 10–12. His offspring used the title.
Suddenly his younger brother encountered Rāma Si Fountaur, who asked him to return once to Chittoor, and Rāma Si Founta died there to reach it. Rāma If Son RāutKunwar was a ruler and commander of the army on the hill Raja. The king of Kaski invited AhirāmaKunwar to become a nobleman of DhuageSaghu's birth or jagir. The king of Kaski begged Ahirāma's hand which was great beauty only through Kalash Puja, to whom Ahirāma answered only by lawful marriage to offer his daughter. King led his soldiers in and sought by force to take over the village. The villagers of ParājulīThāpā caste supported Ahirāma and a battle was initiated.
On that same day, Ahirāma escorted his immediate family with two children: Ram Krishna Kunwar and Jaya Krishna Kunwar; Prithvi Narayan Shah to the King of Gorkha, where the Kunwar-Khola territories had been handed over to them as births. John Whelpton believes in the Kunwar tale that BagaleThapa, the clan of the MukhtiyarBhimsenThapa clan, might be the first to enter a hill wedded to BagaleKshetri's daughter. Dynasts of Rana; Kumbhakaran Singh, the younger brother of Guhila King of Mewar; RawalRatanSimha, of Ranas of Nepal; Gautam and Pashupati, Shamsher Jang BahadurRana claim descent. When Chittorgarh was originally assigned in 1303 A.D., the descendants of Kumbhakaran Singh departed Mewar towards the north direction of the foothills of the Himalayas according to a book called Rana's Of Nepal, written by Arvind Singh Mewar.

What led to the rise of the Rana Regime?

Kaji Jung BahadurKunwar's son BalNarsingh became a leading figure in the Nepali Central Politics during his uncle Mathabar Singh Thapa's prime ministry. On 17 May 1845 at approximately 11 p.m., Mathabar Singh was called and killed by Jung Bahadur on the royal orders in cold blood. Because of his relationship with Mathabar Singe, he was deemed cruel, vicious, and lethal. After fulfilling the order for Mathabar to be murdered, Jung Bahadur was made a Kaji (equal to minister). Queen Rajya Lakshmi Devi called on the brokers on the mystery assassin of her assistant general KajiGagan Singh Khawas on the evening of 14 September 1846, to whom courtiers had instantly rushed into the Kot.
Many of the brokers, other from a sword, were unarmed, as they instantly answered the royal appeal. The Jung BahadurRana soldiers also took the arms of the broker who had succeeded in bringing them with them. Also present at the Kot were the Queen Rajya Lakshmi Devi and the King Rajendra Bikram Shah. The KajiRajya Lakshmi asked KajiBirKeshar (Kishor) Pande to be executed on suspicion, to be confirmed by General Abhiman Singh Rana Magar. Jang deceived the Queen that the forces of Abhiman Singh arrived because the Queen's group was overpowered and asked for swift imprisonment. Abhiman was trying to push out and Jung's soldier was slain. After the commotion, Jung and his brothers started bloodshed, eliminating numerous competing nobles and brokers. The letter to Henry Montgomery Lawrence, a British resident, said that 32 Bharadars had been murdered by the slaughter.

What is BhandarkhalMascrasse ?

When Jang Bahadur rejected Prince Ranendra's plea for Crown Prince Surendra in Nepal, the King met Kot's victims in private and plotted to murder Jung Bahadur at the royal Bhandarkhal garden. Jang Bahadur took his fully-armed troops and went into the gardens when he received a command from the Queen to go to Bhandarkhal. The forces assassinated BirdhwajBasnyat, the leading conspirator while marching to Bhandarkhal, where the other conspirators fled while Jang Bahadur was approaching fully equipped with his forces. Twenty-two persons were slain while fifteen escaped.
All the military and bureaucratic officers were invited to their offices in 10 days on Sept. 23, 1846. Then Jung Bahadur appointed the highest echelons of the government with his brothers and nephews. Following his maternal grandson MukhtiyarBhimsenThapa, he solidified his position as the prime minister in Kot (KotParva) and BhandarkhalParva on his main templates.

End of Rana Regime

Chandra Shumsher categorizes Ranas into class A (those born from ordinary marriage relations) and declares class C out of the roll to limit the role of succession in favor of his family line. Those who have been excluded would naturally strive to assassinate those in charge to reclaim their place. SubarnaShumsher, an expelled member, eventually founded the Nepal Prajatantrik Congress, which united with MP Koirala's Nepali Congress to become the Nepali Congress. In 2007 BS, the Nepali Congress Party used an armed revolution to remove the regime. The Ranas had sown the seeds of their doom. Rana's repressive actions fueled a never-ending wave of protests. LakhanThapa was martyred when he attempted to kill Jung Bahadur while he was on a hunting trip. Chandra Shumsher put a stop to Gorkha League's anti-Rana operations throughout India, as well as AryaSamaj's (encouraging religious reformations). KrishnalalUpadhyay was imprisoned for his work Makaikokheti, an analogical satire on the Ranas.
The anti-Rana agitation continued even after the Praja Parishad leaders were executed in 1997 BS. Later, the Nepali Congress began an armed revolt, which King Tribhuwan aided. The throne was abdicated, and the reigning monarch sought refuge in the Indian Embassy. Finally, the Ranas agreed to the Delhi pact, which signaled the end of their reign.As long as the British East-India Company was pleased, the Ranas could easily maintain their dominion. When the British colonial rule in India came to an end, the world had changed dramatically. World War II had ushered in a new era. Following India's independence, Nepalese democrats who had participated in the Indian War of Independence returned to Nepal and used their experience to the movement there. From India, the Nepali Congress gathered cash and weapons to carry out the revolution. The Delhi Accord has reached thanks to the active mediation of the Indian government, particularly Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.

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