Pashupatinath is one of the four major holy sites for Shiva devotees in Asia and is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The site was built in the 5th century and subsequently restored by the kings of Malla, and was reportedly built in the early millennium when a Shiva lingam has been discovered here. It extends on both sides of the Bagmati River, the biggest temple complex in Nepal that the Hindus consider sacred. The main temple of the pagoda has a gold roof, four silver-capped faces, and excellent woodcarvings. The temple of Pashupatinath is surrounded by temples devoted to many other Hindu and Buddhist gods.
Hindus cremation is taking place along the river on elevated platforms. The gates of the main temple are permitted only for Hindus. The inner sanctuary has a lingam Shiva and the largest statue of the bull Nandi lies facing the temple, the Shiva car. The compound is made up of hundreds of Shiva lingams. Hundreds of thousands of devotees from Nepal and India attract the huge MahaShivaratri Festival in the summer. The Temple of Guheshwori dedicated to Shiva's consort Sati Devi is further east before the Bagmati hits Pashupati. For an unparalleled blend of religion, culture, and spiritual experiences, visit Pashupatinath. The temple area also includes Deupatan, Jaya Bageshori, Gaurighat (Holy Bath), Kutumbahal, Pingalastan, and the Forest of Sleshmantak, located three kilometers north-west of Kathmandu on the banks of the Bagmati River. Around 492 temples are to be explored, 15 are Shivalayas (Lord Shiva shrines) and 12 are to be explored.
Temple Pashupatinath is one of Kathmandu Valley's seven UNESCO cultural sites. The last rites of the Hindus are also carried out at this crematory spot. The cremation ceremonies are not for the slight; tourists can still be seen strangely on the hillside across the river. For a world-friendly experience, visit Pashupatinath Temple. Pashupatinath is also one of the few living sites in the world of cultural heritage. In contrast with other cultural sites or museums, Pashupatinath is the energy center with active people every day at all times.
The Pashupatinath Temple's daily rituals are as follows:
• 4:00 a.m.: The western gate is open to the public.
• 8:30 a.m.: The idols of the Lord were bathed and cleansed after Pujaris arrived, clothing and jewels changed for the day.
• 9:30 a.m.: The Lord is given Baal Bhog or breakfast.
• 10:00 am.: Then people will be welcome to do Puja. 10:00 am. Farmayishi puja is also called. For particular reasons, people tell Pujari to perform a special puja. The Puja continues in the afternoon until 13:45.
• 1:50 pm.: The principal Pashupati Temple offers lunch to the Lord.
• 14:00 pm.: Conclusion of morning prayers.
• 5:15 pm.: Aarati's night starts at the main temple of Pashupati.
• 6:00 p.m.: On The Bagmati Ganga Aarati which is made by the Bagmati banks has gained popularity recently. On Saturdays, Mondays and special occasions there are bigger crowds present. In the evening Ganga Aarati is carried out along with Shiva's TandavaBhajan, composed by Ravana.
• 7:00 p.m.: Closing of the doors.
Other places to explore in the Pashupatinath Temple area
This hilltop area provides bird views of the Temple of Pashupatinath, which is otherwise off-limits. Look for the giant golden trident on the north side of the temple and the king's golden figure kneeling under a protective naga (serpent deities) cap south. It is also an unobtrusive location to observe the crematory rites.
The path leads out from the forest to the large Guhyeshwari Temple in the courtyard, which King Pratap Malla had founded in1653 and which was dedicated to Parvati (Siva's wife). Non-Hindus are prohibited from entering, but from the road, you can see four gigantic gold snakes, supporting the main finial, and in the distance the BodhnathStupa.
The mysterious name of the temple is derived from Nepalese terms Guhya (vagina) and Aishwarya (goddess) – the temple of the vagina of the goddess is literally. According to the legend, Shiva was insulted by the father of Parvati, and the deity was so angry that it burst into fire, inspiring satia, where the widows were burned alive at their husbands' funeral pyres, to practice. The sorrowful Shiva walked the world and Parvati's disintegrating body and Guhyeshwari's genitals. Indian Hindus make the same assertion in Guwahati, Assam, for the Kamakhya Temple.