Nepal is a country with unique geographic variants and regions. Nepal offers a wide variety of weather and climates with an altitude of 60 m to 8848 m above sea level. The subtropical latitude of Nepal is caused by its climatic variations. The climates in various regions vary by height and season throughout the year. Nepalese climate is divided into cinq climate regions: tropical and subtropical zones below 1,200 m (22,400 m) above sea level, cool, temperate zones at 1,200 m (1200-2400 m) high; cold zone at 2,400- 3,600 m (13,600 to 3,400 m), Arctic climate zone at 4,400 m above sea level.
The climate of the Himalayan region:
The northern Himalayas not only symbolize unique climates but also play an important role in the study of Nepal's overall environment. The Himalayas serve as a barrier to cold winds from Central Asia in winter, forming the southerly boundary of monsoon wind patterns. In the Himalayan region of Nepal, the sub-Arctic and Arctic climate zones fall. Due to extreme weather conditions, the majority of the Himalayas, particularly in winter, are uninhabitable. In the lower parts of this region, the summers are usually temperate while the winter can drop below nil.
The climate of the hilly region:
Nepal's Hill region comprises temperate and sub-tropical climatic areas. The mild climate makes this region the most suitable habitat. The centers are lovely all year round. The mornings and nights, however, are rather cool. Kathmandu Valley has a richer climate spectrum at average summer and winter temperatures respectively of 19 ° C, 35 ° C and 2 ° C – 12 ° C. The Pokhara valley has the largest precipitation across the country with the Annapurna range of monsoon winds.
The climate of the Terai region:
In the southern part of the land, the Terai region of Nepal lies. Its tropical and humid weather is well-known. In certain areas, summer temperatures range from 7°C to 23°C in the Terai area of Nepal, and the winter temperatures are above 37 °C. The eastern part of Tarai (70-75" [1.800-1.900 millimeters] per annum in Biratnagar) is widely affected by rainfall. But the western part of Nepal (where Mahendranagar falls 30-35" per year) is more severe. In addition, various natural disasters, such as floods and the Loo, have been repeatedly affected in this area.
Weather of Nepal
1.The Monsoon/Summer Season (June- August):
The Nepalese Monsoon season begins in June and runs until the middle of September. It will most probably rain all day in this season. The evening is usually cloudy in the day and night. In July and August, the major rainfall during the monsoon season. This season, 80% of the total rainfall in Nepal is. In addition, this season the weather is highly unpredictable in the mountain region. In the majority of cases, fogs and clouds are likely blocked. The cloud and sunlight of the occasion, however, offer the mountains' most beautiful views.
2. Fall of the Nepalese Season (September-November):
The fall season is one of Nepal's most enjoyable times for trips and hiking. From September and up to November this season begins. In this season, the skies are clear and the days are warm but not too warm. In fall, the best views of the mountains and hills are offered. In Nepal, there are plenty of scenarios. The temperature range in the daytime is approximately 25°C and by night is approximately 10°C. In the higher altitudes, however, this period of the year is already freezing.
3.Season of Winter (December- February):
Nepal's winter season lasts between December and February. The days are chilling, but in the high Himalayas, the temperature is much lower. The days are bright, but only occasionally. During the winter season, snow-covered mountains are better viewed as the sky is clear. It's a lot drier this season, but in the Western part of Nepal winter monsoon is a possibility. Heavy snowfall occurs at the highest altitude and at sometimes the lowest altitude of 2500 m. January and February are the coldest months.
4. Fountain Spring (March-May):
Spring is another great time for travel and trekking in Nepal. The scenery of the fully flourishing Rhododendron forests, particularly in the Himalayas, is exquisite. In this season the morning is bright and cool. However, sometimes rainfall and thundering are possible. In the springtime, the colored flower and greenery have the most beautiful view. This season there is little snow, which facilitates the trails in the Himalayas.